Country Of Origin
Egyptian cotton is acknowledged as the best quality, long staple cotton in the world. Although it historically all came from Egypt, today “Egyptian” cotton is grown worldwide. It still complies with the original Egyptian standards of fibre length being within the range of 31.5mm - 48mm.
Egyptian cotton grown in Egypt is considered the best due to the particular climatic conditions and the fertility of the soil along the Nile in its delta area. The Nile is like a natural irrigation system for the land area immediately surrounding it, and combined with the sun and rainfall, it produces unmatchable conditions for growing cotton. It is a climatic paradise for cotton growing and the secret behind the now, “world famous” Egyptian cotton. Egyptian farmers have learnt how to grow superior cotton plants without the use of growing agents and chemicals. The worldwide popularity and demand for Egyptian cotton has led other countries to produce this cotton type.
Giza 45 is the crème de la crème of Egyptian cotton. This premium type of cotton is grown in a specific region on the banks of the Nile delta. The humidity, soil conditions, shade, temperature and water proximity all align to produce the longest and finest Egyptian cotton fibres known to man. The land mass is so small that only a limited crop can be harvested each year. Hand treated from planting until the final processing with prized techniques passed down from one generation to the next.
Country of origin plays an important role, as the lower the grade of cotton, the more processing, artificial treatment and chemicals needed to bring the fibres or yarn up to a workable standard. These extra processes damage and weaken the natural fibres, in turn producing a sub-standard quality. Countries like India, China, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are renowned for taking shortcuts when making fabric. It is not uncommon that they will blend their cotton with lower quality cotton fibres, or use excessive chemicals to make the cotton look marketable, thereby weakening the yarns and the woven fabric.